Knowledge-based Analysis for Mortality Prediction from CT Images

Low-Dose CT (LDCT) can significantly improve the accuracy of lung cancer diagnosis and thus reduce cancer deaths compared to chest X-ray. The lung cancer risk population is also at high risk of other deadly diseases, for instance, cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, predicting the all-cause mortality risks of this population is of great importance. This paper introduces a knowledge-based analytical method using deep convolutional neural network (CNN) for all-cause mortality prediction. The underlying approach combines structural image features extracted from CNNs, based on LDCT volume at different scales, and clinical knowledge obtained from quantitative measurements, to predict the mortality risk of lung cancer screening subjects. The proposed method is referred as Knowledge-based Analysis of Mortality Prediction Network (KAMP-Net). It constitutes a collaborative framework that utilizes both imaging features and anatomical information, instead of completely relying on automatic feature extraction. Our work demonstrates the feasibility of incorporating quantitative clinical measurements to assist CNNs in all-cause mortality prediction from chest LDCT images. The results of this study confirm that radiologist defined features can complement CNNs in performance improvement. The experiments demonstrate that KAMP-Net can achieve a superior performance when compared to other methods.


H. Guo, U. Kruger, G. Wang, M.K. Kalra, P. Yan, " Knowledge-based Analysis for Mortality Prediction from CT Images ,"

IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 457-464, Feb. 2020.


	title = {Knowledge-{Based} {Analysis} for {Mortality} {Prediction} {From} {CT} {Images}},
	volume = {24},
	doi = {10.1109/JBHI.2019.2946066},
	number = {2},
	journal = {IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics},
	author = {Guo, Hengtao and Kruger, Uwe and Wang, Ge and Kalra, Mannudeep K. and Yan, Pingkun},
	month = feb,
	year = {2020},
	pages = {457--464}